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NACRTNA GEOMETRIJA

15 April 2012

STEVAN HRISTIĆ 1992 Oratorijum Vaskrsenje (1912)


Napisan na tekst Dragutina Ilića, oratorijum Vaskrsenje prikazuje najznačajniji novozavetni događaj Hristovo vaskrsnuće. Podeljen je u dva dela od kojih prvi pod naslovom Vesnica sa groba, obuhvata obimni simfonijsko-horski uvod Svitanje u Jerusalimu, pojavu Marije Magdalene, koja učenicima donosi vest da je Hristovo telo nestalo iz groba i Hristovo javljanje Magdaleni. Drugi deo oratorijuma pod nazivom Hristos među učenicima, opisuje kako osvešćeni narod juri ka Golgoti i zatiče prazan grob, zatim sledi Magdalenino saopštenje učenicima da je videla Hrista, javljanje Hrista učenicima i scena sa nevernim Tomom.

Solisti (Hristos, Marija, Petar i Toma) su nosioci dramske radnje. Hor opisuje i komentariše događaje (kao historikus iz baroknog oratorijuma), ali povremeno i učestvuje u događajima uzvicima"Adonaj!" i „Ravuni!". Muzički jezik počiva na elementima verizma i impresionizma. Prerađeni simfonijski uvod ovog oratorijuma zadržao se na koncertnom podijumu pod nazivom Poema zore.

Čućete izvođenje Hora i Simfonijskog orkestra Radio-televizije Beograd pod upravom Bojana Suđića. Sopran Radmila Smiljanić nastupa kao Marija Magdalena; bas Živan Saramandić je apostol Petar; bariton Nikola Mitić tumači lik Isusa Hrista, a tenor Karolj Kolar je apostol Toma. Blagoj Angelovski svira solo trubu. Snimak je nastao u aprilu 1992. godine.

Drago mi je što na ovako lep svečan dan imam nešto ovako lepo i ozbiljno da pustim ovde na ovom lepom blogu koji se bavi zvucima JUGOSLAVIJE. Ovo je živi snimak iz Kolarčeve zadužbine iz davne 1992. godine koju ovde prihvatamo kao graničnu godinu postojanja JUGE u prošlim vremenima. Takodje mi je drago i imati ovako lep snimak jednog dela sa umetnicima od kojih Živana Saramandića nažalost više nema medju nama. Srećni vam praznici!

ОРАТОРИЈУМ ВАСКРЕСЕЊЕ

Tomašević Katarina D.

Vaskrsenje (Resurrection) which was composed by Stevan Hristić (libretto Dragutin Ilić) was a first oratorio in Serbian music. The libretto was published in a journal Odjek (Echo) in 1909, with the first performance in 1912 at the Belgrade National Theatre. During the period 1909-1912, the young composer studied church music in Moscow and Rome. He studied with Dom Lorenzo Perosi in Rome, who was a director of the Sistine Chapel at the time, and a leading composer of church music. Perosi also composed two oratorios with the Resurrection as a subject-matter. His stay in Rome, as well as the encounter with the contemporary Italian style of church music left a strong impression on Hristić and his later opus. The oratorio Resurrection is freely permeated with both romantic and impressionist elements, hence the impression of the typically Western fin-de-siècle style. Compared to Serbian performances until that time, Hristić’s work represented a complete novelty in its style and genre; it was considered as one of the first works of Serbian musical Modernism. Despite the audience’s positive reception, the oratorio was faced with a highly negative criticism of Jovan Zorko and Miloje Milojević. Both of them criticized Hristić for not having composed the work in the spirit of "national music". Hristić defended his poetics claiming that the idea of composing a national music did not comprise the use of folk melodies, but rather composing according to the highest professional and aesthetic criteria. A debate which was anticipated concerning the meaning and the importance of "national" poetics arose as a reaction to Resurrection. This debate remained important in two ways: 1) it remained a "typical" debate for the dynamic development of Serbian music following the World War I and 2) it became the central characteristic of the overall artistic development in Serbia during the interwar period, which was "coming close" and eventually became the part of Europe.

PRAIZVEDBA OVOG DELA




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